Posted by: Liz Massey | April 29, 2012

Creativity Classic: The Courage to Create, by Rollo May

(This post begins a new series of book reviews of titles that are foundational to understanding the creative process. Some are old, some are new, but all of them provide important insights about bringing one’s ideas to life.)

The Book: The Courage to Create, by Rollo May

The Takeaway: Fashioned from a series of lectures and essays penned by May, a psychotherapist who was intensely interested in the creative process, this book is a meditation on what it means to be creative. Filled with stories and insights from May’s own career and his work with artists, it is not so much a practical guide as it is a deep pondering of what creativity is, and why it matters.

The Review: I’ve been drawn to this book since 1985, when I was a junior in high school and stumbled upon it at my local public library. However, it wasn’t until recently that I was able to sit down and absorb what May had to say about the creative process, the factors that influence it, and the artist’s role in society.

May wrote this book in 1975, in the midst of all sorts of social upheaval, and on one level, his words and examples are constrained by that time period – there are lots of references to the stifling influence of the governments of the Soviet bloc, although he rightly observes that America and other capitalist nations have their own factors that limit creative expression.

What’s refreshing about “The Courage to Create” is that May, who considered himself an artist, does not approach creativity from a deficit or pathology-based perspective. He doesn’t suggest (as some psychologists in his day supposed) that creativity is a compensatory reaction to deficits in a person’s personality or other inadequacies. He also does not focus on mental health issues that do occur frequently in artists (depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, etc.), choosing instead to discuss difficulties in an artist’s life in the context of the often arduous journey that is traveled as a creation goes from initial idea to finished artwork.

One of May’s themes, threaded throughout the diverse chapters, is that true creative activity is an “encounter,” one that forever changes the artist. Without this encounter, he argues, our creative output will be dry and lifeless.

 “The fact that talent is plentiful but passion is lacking seems to me to be a fundamental facet of the problem of creativity in many fields today, and our ways of approaching creativity by evading the encounter have played directly into this trend. We worship technique – talent – as a way of evading the anxiety of the direct encounter.”

Another theme, related to the title of the book, is that creativity requires courage, due in now small part to the fact that the artist is frequently the outlier in society. In this passage, May pulls no punches about how hard it is for a creative person to fit into industrialized society:

 “Poets may be delightful creatures in the meadow or garret, but they are menaces on the assembly line. Mechanization requires uniformity, predictability and orderliness; and the very fact that unconscious phenomena are original and irrational is already an inevitable threat to bourgeois order and uniformity.”

Despite the depth of its subject matter, “The Courage to Create” is a short book of less than 150 pages. May’s storytelling ability makes it a quick read, and his historical accounts of artists and other creatives, blended with his personal narratives and those of his artistic patients, give a verisimilitude to the volume that mere theorizing would not accomplish.

While it was published years before the advent of the personal computer or the Internet, the book reads in a surprisingly contemporary manner – a sure sign that May tapped into the elements of the creative process that are eternal, and eternally interesting.

Learn more about Rollo May and his work


  1. […] Creativity Classic: The Courage to Create, by Rollo May( […]

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